A prospective client once called me to ask some basic questions about the US trademark registration process and its associated costs. We started talking about the trademark he wanted to adopt and the products with which he intended to use the mark. Of course, one of the first things we discussed was the necessity of conducting a comprehensive federal trademark search to learn whether another individual or entity already owns an existing federal registration for an identical or confusingly similar trademark. Not unlike many other clients, he informed me that he had already conducted a USPTO trademark search using the free search tool provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office and that he fortunately “didn’t find anything.”
Is the Free USPTO Search Reliable?
I cringe every time prospective clients tell me they “didn’t find anything” after using the USPTO search tool because I know from experience how weak and unreliable that tool is. This type of USPTO search will most often not catch variations of words, common misspellings, novel or intentional misspellings, verb conjugations, etc. The free USPTO search tool is really only for finding identical trademarks, which I always encourage my clients to do prior to hiring me to conduct a more comprehensive federal trademark search to find confusingly similar marks (which is the legal standard for trademark infringement). Clearly, there’s little reason for me to perform my search if their USPTO search already revealed an obvious obstacle to registering and/or using their trademark.
Why Spend Money on a Trademark Search?
So, I begin to explain to my prospective client that it really isn’t a good idea to solely rely on the USPTO search results generated by the Trademark Office and that a more comprehensive search is something that he should strongly consider. Not surprisingly, he was reluctant to pay the fee I charge to perform such a search using proprietary software for which I pay an incredibly outrageous annual subscription fee to use (seriously, it’s highway robbery). As a start-up business, he was operating on a very tight budget and he felt that his USPTO search was sufficient. But, after reminding him that my comprehensive federal trademark search is at least a hundred times less expensive than having to defend a trademark infringement lawsuit (not to mention the money he would waste by filing a trademark application just to be rejected on the basis of another registered mark that would have been revealed in my search), he made the wise decision to invest in a comprehensive federal trademark search.
What Did His USPTO Search Reveal?
Although I obviously can’t reveal the exact trademark on which I conducted my search due to attorney-client confidentiality, the following situation nicely illustrates what actually occurred with my client’s search. Let’s say hypothetically that my client’s trademark was CLIFF JUMP and that he wanted to use the trademark for educational classes and seminars in the fields of personal and organizational growth and development. When my client typed CLIFF JUMP into the Trademark Office’s search system, he got the following screen indicating that no records match the search query:
What Did My Comprehensive Trademark Search Reveal?
So, my client was technically correct in that he “didn’t find anything.” He just spent a few hundred dollars for me to tell him what he already knew, right? Not at all. My more comprehensive search revealed two registrations owned by the same company for the mark CLIFF JUMPING (Reg. Nos. 3672445 and 2761445), both of which are registered for educational services in the fields of personal and organizational growth and development. Unquestionably, the Trademark Office would refuse registration of my client’s CLIFF JUMP mark on the basis that it’s likely to cause confusion with these registrations for CLIFF JUMPING. In addition, there is the possibility that the owner of these registrations would challenge my client’s use of CLIFF JUMP if he commenced use of it in connection with his services. Probably not a winning case for my client, wouldn’t you agree?
Sometimes, Bad News is Good News
I think being told bad news about the results of a trademark search is a bittersweet moment for many people looking to adopt a brand new trademark. Many people who come to me already have their heart set on a particular trademark and are extremely disappointed to hear that their mark is unavailable. But, on the other hand, I think they’re also relieved to know that they didn’t invest thousands of dollars into developing and marketing a problematic trademark. Well, that’s of course assuming they hired a trademark attorney to clear their mark before creating labels, product packaging, websites, signage, business cards, and advertisements.
So, it’s back to the drawing board for my client, which maybe is not such a bad place to be considering where he could’ve been had he imprudently chose to rely on the search he conducted himself.
Want More Information About the Free USPTO Search?
I’m US trademark attorney Morris Turek. If you want more information about the USPTO search tool provided by the Trademark Office, please don’t hesitate to contact me at (314) 749-4059, through email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by sending me a brief note through my contact form (below). I look forward to speaking with you soon.